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Forterra Announces Second Quarter 2020 Results

IRVING, Texas, July 27, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Forterra, Inc. (“Forterra” or “the Company”) (NASDAQ: FRTA), a leading manufacturer of water and drainage infrastructure pipe and products in the United States and Eastern Canada, today announced results for the quarter ended June 30, 2020.

Second Quarter 2020 Highlights

  • Increased net sales by 3.9% to $426.2 million as compared to $410.2 million in the prior year quarter
  • Increased gross profit by 23.0% to $105.6 million as compared to $85.8 million in the prior year quarter and improved gross profit margin by 390 basis points year-over-year
  • Net income increased to $27.1 million compared to $3.0 million in the prior year quarter
  • Adjusted EBITDA1 increased to $85.9 million as compared to $62.5 million in the prior year quarter, and Adjusted EBITDA margin1 improved by 490 basis points year-over-year
  • During the first half of 2020, improved operating cash flow by $67.5 million and free cash flow1 by $93.6 million year-over-year
  • Repaid $180 million in precautionary first quarter revolver borrowings and amended revolving credit facility to increase borrowing capacity to $350 million and extend maturity to 2025
  • Completed offering of $500 million senior secured notes due 2025 and used net proceeds to repay a portion of term loan in July
  • Net Leverage Ratio2 reduced to 5.0x from 7.9x a year ago

Forterra CEO Karl Watson, Jr. commented, “Our company performed well in this challenging market environment associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.  We continue to demonstrate the operating and financial durability of our business as well as our ability to achieve higher profitability and cash flow.  Second quarter revenues were within the range of the preliminary guidance that we provided last month, while Adjusted EBITDA slightly exceeded our estimate.  Importantly, we were able to continue to expand our gross profit margins, Adjusted EBITDA margins, and generate higher operating cash flow compared to the prior year period. These results reflect our continued progress towards earning a full and fair return on the products we produce and the capital we have deployed.”

“As financial markets started to show some stability and demand for our products persisted, we repaid the $180 million precautionary borrowings under our ABL revolving credit facility. In addition, we amended our ABL revolving credit facility to increase the capacity from $300 million to $350 million and extend the maturity from 2021 to 2025. Lastly, we recently issued $500 million of senior secured notes that are due in 2025 and used the net proceeds to repay a portion of our term loan.  These transactions increase our liquidity and extend our debt maturities, providing us additional flexibility.”

Mr. Watson continued, “While there is still great uncertainty around demand, the shape of economic recovery and the continuing impact of the pandemic, we are encouraged by the results we have achieved during the first half of the year. We remain focused on our five improvement pillars: Health and Safety; Plant-Level Operational Discipline; Enhanced Commercial Capabilities; Working Capital Efficiency; and G&A effectiveness. By focusing on these five pillars, we intend to keep our team members safe, further expand unit margins, decrease working capital investment, and use the increased cash flow to reduce our debt.”

1 A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures, including Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, net debt, and free cash flow, to comparable GAAP financial measures is provided in the reconciliation of Non-GAAP measures section of this press release.
2 Ratio represents net debt divided by adjusted EBITDA for the prior twelve-month period.  Net debt and adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures and a reconciliation thereof to comparable GAAP financial measures is provided in the reconciliation of Non-GAAP measures section of this press release.

Segment Results
Drainage Pipe & Products (“Drainage”) - Key Financial and Operational Statistics:

($ in millions)   Q2 2020   Q2 2019  
               
Net Sales   $ 235.6     $ 241.7    
Gross Profit   61.4     57.7    
EBITDA   57.4     49.0    
Adjusted EBITDA1   58.8     52.4    
Gross Profit Margin 26.1 %   23.9 %  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin1 24.9 %   21.7 %  

Drainage net sales decreased slightly by 2.5% to $235.6 million, compared to $241.7 million in the prior year quarter.  The decrease in net sales was driven by lower shipment volumes primarily due to certain temporary project delays in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by higher average selling prices.

Drainage gross profit and gross profit margin were $61.4 million and 26.1%, compared to $57.7 million and 23.9%, respectively, in the prior year quarter.  Higher average selling prices and manufacturing efficiencies, partially offset by increased input costs, resulted in gross profit margin improvement year over year.  Consequently, Drainage EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA1 and Adjusted EBITDA margin1 were $57.4 million, $58.8 million and 24.9%, respectively, as compared to the prior year quarter of $49.0 million, $52.4 million and 21.7%, respectively.

Water Pipe & Products (“Water”) - Key Financial and Operational Statistics:

($ in millions)   Q2 2020   Q2 2019  
               
Net Sales   $ 190.6     $ 168.5    
Gross Profit   44.2     28.1    
EBITDA   39.7     25.0    
Adjusted EBITDA1   42.7     25.4    
Gross Profit Margin 23.2 %   16.7 %  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin1 22.4 %   15.1 %  

Water net sales increased by 13.1% to $190.6 million, compared to $168.5 million in the prior year quarter. The increase in net sales was primarily driven by higher average selling price while shipment volumes were relatively flat year-over-year.

Water gross profit and gross profit margin increased to $44.2 million and 23.2%, respectively, compared to $28.1 million and 16.7%, respectively, in the prior year quarter.  Water EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA1 and Adjusted EBITDA margin1 increased to $39.7 million, $42.7 million and 22.4%, respectively, compared to $25.0 million, $25.4 million and 15.1%, respectively, in the prior year quarter.  The improvements in gross profit, gross profit margin, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin were primarily driven by higher average selling prices, also aided by lower raw material costs.

Corporate and Other (“Corporate”) - Second Quarter 2020 Results
Corporate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA1 losses were $20.5 million and $15.6 million, respectively, in the second quarter of 2020 compared to $20.0 million and $15.4 million, respectively, in the prior year quarter.  The Company remains focused on lowering corporate overhead expenses as a percentage of sales.

Balance Sheet, Liquidity and Cash Flow
Balance sheet, liquidity and cash flow were improved during the first six months of 2020 as compared to prior year, as the tables below summarize:

Cash and Debt Balance ($ in millions)   June 30, 2020   December 31, 2019   June 30, 2019
             
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 52.5     $ 34.8     $ 16.8  
Outstanding borrowings under revolving credit facility           39.0  
Outstanding term loan balance   1,101.6     1,123.4     1,216.6  


Cash Flow Information ($ in millions)   Six Months Ended June 30,
    2020   2019
         
Operating cash inflow (outflow)   $ 40.2     $ (27.3 )
Investing cash inflow (outflow)   1.5     (24.5 )
Financing cash inflow (outflow)   (23.6 )   32.4  
Free cash inflow (outflow)1   41.7     (51.9 )

During the second quarter, the Company fully repaid the $180 million previously borrowed under its revolving credit facility. In addition, in June 2020, the Company amended its revolving credit facility by (i) increasing the size of the revolving credit facility from $300 million to $350 million of aggregate commitments, (ii) extending the maturity date to June 17, 2025, and (iii) modifying the interest rates on outstanding borrowings to reflect current market conditions.  As of June 30, 2020, there were no outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility and available borrowing capacity was $261.9 million.  Given the improvements in cash generation and liquidity, the Company has resumed capital projects that had been put on hold during the second quarter and now expects full year capital expenditures in the range of $35 million to $45 million.

In July 2020, the Company completed the offering of $500 million senior secured notes at an annual interest rate of 6.5%. The senior secured notes have a five-year term and will mature in July 2025.  Net proceeds of $492.5 million from this offering were utilized to repay a portion of the Company’s term loan.  During the second quarter, the Company continued voluntary prepayments of its term loan in the amount of $10.5 million. Subsequent to the repayment and other second quarter repayments, the term loan now has a balance of $609.1 million that will mature in October 2023.

The Company’s net leverage ratio2 as of June 30, 2020 was 5.0x, compared to 6.1x at December 31, 2019 and 7.9x at June 30, 2019, and the Company remains committed to its communicated plan to reduce leverage to between 3.0x and 3.5x over the next several years.

Outlook

Regarding the Company’s outlook, Mr. Watson stated, “While we are pleased with the robust quarterly results, our visibility into the remainder of 2020 and beyond is still clouded by the uncertainly surrounding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic with respect to sales volumes, funding of projects, and the overall economy. Based on recent trends in our backlogs, along with other factors, we expect shipment volumes in the second half of the year to continue to be lower than the prior year level as they were during the first half. That said, we believe we are favorably positioned to confront any future market challenges just as we have this quarter.”

Conference Call and Webcast Information

Forterra will host a conference call to review its second quarter 2020 results on July 28 at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time (9:00 a.m. Central Time). The dial-in number for the call is 574-990-1396 or toll free 844-498-0572. The participant passcode is 2745607. Please dial in at least five minutes prior to the call to register. The call may also be accessed via a webcast which is available on the Investors section of the Company’s website at http://forterrabp.com.  A replay of the conference call and archive of the webcast will be available for 30 days under the Investor section of the Company's website.

About Forterra

Forterra is a leading manufacturer of water and drainage pipe and products in the U.S. and Eastern Canada for a variety of water-related infrastructure applications, including water transmission, distribution, drainage and stormwater systems.  Based in Irving, Texas, Forterra’s product breadth and scale help make it a preferred supplier for water-related pipe and products, serving a wide variety of customers, including contractors, distributors and municipalities.  For more information on Forterra, visit http://forterrabp.com

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as "anticipate", "believe", "expect", "estimate", "plan", "outlook", and "project" and other similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends or that are not statements of historical matters. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on historical information available at the time the statements are made and are based on management's reasonable belief or expectations with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the Company's control, that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from the belief or expectations expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.

Some of the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements include risks and uncertainties relating to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic; the level of construction activity, particularly in the residential construction and non-residential construction markets; government funding of infrastructure and related construction activities; the highly competitive nature of our industry and our ability to effectively compete; the availability and price of the raw materials we use in our business; the ability to implement our growth strategy; our dependence on key customers and the absence of long-term agreements with these customers; the level of construction activity in Texas; energy costs; disruption at one or more of our manufacturing facilities or in our supply chain; construction project delays and our inventory management; our ability to successfully integrate acquisitions; labor disruptions and other union activity; a tightening of mortgage lending or mortgage financing requirements; our current dispute with HeidelbergCement related to the payment of an earnout; compliance with environmental laws and regulations; compliance with health and safety laws and regulations and other laws and regulations to which we and our products are subject to; our dependence on key executives and key management personnel; our ability, or that of the customers with which we work, to retain and attract additional skilled and non-skilled technical or sales personnel; credit and non-payment risks of our customers; warranty and related claims; legal and regulatory claims; the seasonality of our business and its susceptibility to adverse weather; our contract backlog; our ability to maintain sufficient liquidity and ensure adequate financing or guarantees for large projects; delays or outages in our information technology systems and computer networks; security breaches in our information technology systems and other cybersecurity incidents and additional factors discussed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, for additional information regarding the risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statement.


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except per share data)

  Three months ended   Six months ended
  June 30,   June 30,
  2020 2019   2020 2019
  (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Net sales $ 426,186   $ 410,219     $ 757,062   $ 702,077  
Cost of goods sold 320,607   324,405     592,741   574,458  
Gross profit 105,579   85,814     164,321   127,619  
Selling, general & administrative expenses (53,283 ) (58,640 )   (107,523 ) (110,031 )
Impairment and exit charges (265 ) (582 )   (1,089 ) (813 )
Other operating income, net (1,001 ) (376 )   (671 ) 203  
  (54,549 ) (59,598 )   (109,283 ) (110,641 )
Income from operations 51,030   26,216     55,038   16,978  
           
Other income (expense)          
Interest expense (19,702 ) (25,783 )   (40,447 ) (50,448 )
Gain on extinguishment of debt 116       66    
Earnings from equity method investee 3,126   3,402     5,925   4,969  
Income (loss) before income taxes 34,570   3,835     20,582   (28,501 )
Income tax (expense) benefit (7,455 ) (881 )   (7,533 ) 6,416  
Net income (loss) $ 27,115   $ 2,954     $ 13,049   $ (22,085 )
           
Earnings (loss) per share:          
Basic $ 0.42   $ 0.05     $ 0.20   $ (0.34 )
Diluted $ 0.40   $ 0.05     $ 0.19   $ (0.34 )
           
Weighted average common shares outstanding:          
Basic 65,093   64,142     64,948   64,073  
Diluted 67,191   64,464     67,458   64,073  
                   

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)

  June 30,
 2020
  December 31,
 2019
ASSETS (unaudited)    
Current assets      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 52,506     $ 34,800  
Receivables, net 271,601     205,801  
Inventories 238,835     238,483  
Prepaid expenses 12,334     11,021  
Other current assets 4,794     8,890  
Total current assets 580,070     498,995  
Non-current assets      
Property, plant and equipment, net 446,974     475,575  
Operating lease right-of-use assets 57,444     60,253  
Goodwill 508,182     508,826  
Intangible assets, net 121,978     142,674  
Investment in equity method investee 51,459     50,034  
Other long-term assets 5,390     3,701  
Total assets $ 1,771,497     $ 1,740,058  
       
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY      
Current liabilities      
Trade payables $ 122,715     $ 102,426  
Accrued liabilities 97,434     88,839  
Deferred revenue 10,558     9,527  
Current portion of long-term debt 12,510     12,510  
Current portion of tax receivable agreement 13,145     13,145  
Total current liabilities 256,362     226,447  
Non-current liabilities      
Long term debt 1,067,682     1,085,793  
Long-term finance lease liabilities 138,449     137,365  
Long-term operating lease liabilities 52,518     54,411  
Deferred tax liabilities 30,745     28,929  
Other long-term liabilities 26,105     21,906  
Long-term tax receivable agreement 64,240     64,240  
Total liabilities 1,636,101     1,619,091  
Equity      
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 190,000 shares authorized; 65,211 and 64,741 shares issued and outstanding 19     19  
Additional paid-in-capital 249,695     244,372  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (11,006 )   (7,063 )
Retained deficit (103,312 )   (116,361 )
Total shareholders' equity 135,396     120,967  
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 1,771,497     $ 1,740,058  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)

    Six months ended
    June 30,
    2020   2019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES   (unaudited)
Net income (loss)   $ 13,049     $ (22,085 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation & amortization expense   44,907     48,782  
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment   1,353     1,033  
Gain on extinguishment of debt   (66 )    
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs   3,730     4,013  
Stock-based compensation expense   5,471     2,661  
Write-off of debt discount and issuance costs   376      
Earnings from equity method investee   (5,925 )   (4,969 )
Distributions from equity method investee   4,500     1,500  
Unrealized loss on derivative instruments, net   921     5,024  
Unrealized foreign currency loss / (gain), net   212     (93 )
Provision (recoveries) for doubtful accounts   80     (194 )
Deferred taxes   1,816     (9,566 )
Other non-cash items   2,088     919  
Change in assets and liabilities:        
Receivables, net   (66,160 )   (67,813 )
Inventories   (945 )   (5,734 )
Other current assets   2,435     (641 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   27,950     13,066  
Other assets & liabilities   4,447     6,775  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES   40,239     (27,322 )
         
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Purchase of property, plant and equipment, and intangible assets   (9,054 )   (34,051 )
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets   10,590     9,509  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES   1,536     (24,542 )
         
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Payment of debt issuance costs   (1,734 )    
Payments on term loans   (21,368 )   (6,255 )
Proceeds from revolver   180,000     54,000  
Payments on revolver   (180,000 )   (15,000 )
Other financing activities   (454 )   (395 )
NET CASH (USED IN) PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES   (23,556 )   32,350  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   (513 )   512  
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   17,706     (19,002 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   34,800     35,793  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 52,506     $ 16,791  
         
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:
Cash interest paid   $ 33,134     $ 38,835  
Income taxes paid (refunds received), net   (241 )   3,911  

Non-GAAP Measures

 (unaudited)

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
In addition to our results calculated under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"), in this earnings release we also present Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are non-GAAP measures and have been presented in this earnings release as supplemental measures of financial performance that are not required by, or presented in accordance with GAAP. We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as the sum of net income (loss), before interest expense (including (gains) losses from extinguishment of debt), depreciation and amortization, income tax benefit (expense) and before (gains) losses on the sale of property, plant and equipment, impairment and exit charges and certain other non-recurring income and expenses, such as transaction costs, inventory step-up impacting margin, non-cash compensation expense and pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee, minus earnings from equity method investee.  Adjusted EBITDA margin represents Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net sales.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are presented in this earnings release because they are important metrics used by management as one of the means by which it assesses our financial performance. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are also frequently used by analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate companies in our industry. We use Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin as supplements to GAAP measures of performance to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies, to make budgeting decisions, to allocate resources and to compare our performance relative to our peers.  Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are also important measures for assessing our operating results and evaluating each operating segment’s performance on a consistent basis, by excluding the impacts of depreciation, amortization, income tax expense, interest expense and other items not indicative of ongoing operating performance. Additionally, these measures, when used in conjunction with related GAAP financial measures, provide investors with additional financial analytical framework which management uses, in addition to historical operating results, as the basis for financial, operational and planning decisions and present measurements that third parties have indicated are useful in assessing the Company and its results of operations.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin have certain limitations. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to consolidated net income (loss), and in the case of our segment results, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to EBITDA, which the chief operating decision maker reviews for purposes of evaluating segment profit, or in the case of any of the non-GAAP measures, as a substitute for any other measure of financial performance calculated in accordance with GAAP.  Similarly, Adjusted EBITDA margin should not be considered as an alternative to gross margin or any other margin calculated in accordance with GAAP.  These measures also should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or nonrecurring items for which these non-GAAP measures make adjustments. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are not intended to be liquidity measures because of certain limitations such as: (i) they do not reflect our cash outlays for capital expenditures or future contractual commitments; (ii) they do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, working capital; (iii) they do not reflect interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest, or principal payments, on indebtedness; (iv) they do not reflect income tax expense or the cash necessary to pay income taxes; and (v) although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and these non-GAAP measures do not reflect cash requirements for such replacements.

This release also presents both GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures on a last twelve month (“LTM”) basis. LTM information corresponding to fiscal years (i.e., the periods ended Q4 2018 and Q4 2019) reflects our audited historical results for such fiscal years presented in accordance with GAAP. Information presented for other LTM periods (i.e., the periods ended Q1 2019, Q2 2019, Q3 2019, Q1 2020, and Q2 2020) reflect unaudited trailing four quarter financial information calculated by starting with the results from the most recent audited fiscal year included in such LTM period and then (x) adding quarterly information for subsequent fiscal quarters and (y) subtracting quarterly information for the corresponding prior year period. For example, LTM Q2 2020 has been calculated by starting with the data from the twelve months ended Q4 2019 and then adding data for the six months ended Q2 2020, followed by subtracting data for the six months ended Q2 2019. This release is not in accordance with GAAP.  However, we believe this information is useful to investors as we use it to evaluate our financial performance for ongoing planning purposes, including a continuous assessment of our financial performance in comparison to budgets and internal projections. We also use such LTM financial data to test compliance with covenants under our debt facilities. This presentation has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Please see our Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the relevant periods for the historical amounts used to calculate the LTM information presented.

This release also includes free cash flow, a non-GAAP liquidity measure that represents cash flow from operating activities, less capital expenditure, net of proceeds from asset disposals.  Management uses free cash flow, and ratios based on it, as one of the means by which it assesses available liquidity for strategic opportunities and other discretionary investment, and it is, therefore, useful to investors in evaluating our business using the same measures as management. Free cash flow is also useful to investors because it is often used by securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating our operating results and our ability to generate cash without incurring additional financing. Free cash flow does, however, have certain limitations due to the fact that it does not represent the total increase or decrease in the cash, cash equivalents and investments balance for the period nor does it represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures. Therefore, free cash flow should not be considered as an alternative to, or in isolation from, net cash flows from operating activities or any other measure of cash flow calculated in accordance with GAAP.

This release also includes Net debt, a non-GAAP measure that represents the sum of long-term debt, the current portion of long-term debt, debt issuance cost and original issue discount and finance lease liabilities less cash and cash equivalents. Management uses net debt as one of the means by which it assesses financial leverage, and it is therefore useful to investors in evaluating our business using the same measures as management. Net debt is also useful to investors because it is often used by securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating our business. Net debt does however have certain limitations and should not be considered as an alternative to or in isolation from long-term debt or any other measure calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Other companies, including other companies in our industry, may not use such measures or may calculate one or more of the measures differently than as presented in this earnings release, limiting their usefulness as a comparative measure. In evaluating these non-GAAP measures, you should be aware that in the future we will incur expenses that are the same as or similar to some of the adjustments made in the calculations below and the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin should not be construed to mean that our future results will be unaffected by such adjustments. Management compensates for these limitations by using non-GAAP measures as supplemental financial metrics and in conjunction with results prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA
(in thousands)

  Three months ended June 30,   Six months ended June 30,
  2020   2019   2020   2019
  (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Net income (loss) $ 27,115     $ 2,954     $ 13,049     $ (22,085 )
Interest expense 19,702     25,783     40,447     50,448  
Depreciation and amortization 22,406     24,390     44,907     48,782  
Income tax (benefit) expense 7,455     881     7,533     (6,416 )
EBITDA1 76,678     54,008     105,936     70,729  
Loss on sale of property, plant & equipment, net 1,317     1,086     1,353     1,033  
Gain on extinguishment of debt (116 )       (66 )    
Impairment and exit charges2 1,356     582     2,180     813  
Transaction costs3 3,036     854     4,494     1,274  
Inventory step-up impacting margin4     185         278  
Non-cash compensation5 2,607     1,132     5,471     2,661  
Other6     3,628         3,628  
Earnings from equity method investee7 (3,126 )   (3,402 )   (5,925 )   (4,969 )
Pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee8 4,102     4,396     7,874     6,932  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 85,854     $ 62,469     $ 121,317     $ 82,379  
Adjusted EBITDA margin 20.1 %   15.2 %   16.0 %   11.7 %
Gross profit 105,579     85,814     $ 164,321     $ 127,619  
Gross profit margin 24.8 %   20.9 %   21.7 %   18.2 %

For purposes of evaluating segment profit, the Company's chief operating decision maker reviews EBITDA as a basis for making the decisions to allocate resources and assess performance.
Impairment or abandonment of long-lived assets and other exit charges.
Legal, valuation, accounting, advisory and other costs related to business combinations and other transactions.
Effect of the purchase accounting step-up in the value of inventory to fair value recognized in cost of goods sold as a result of business combinations.
Non-cash equity compensation expense.
Other includes one-time charges such as executive severance costs.
Net income from Forterra's 50% ownership in the Concrete Pipe & Precast LLC ("CP&P") joint venture accounted for under the equity method of accounting.
Adjusted EBITDA from Forterra's 50% ownership in the CP&P joint venture. Calculated as CP&P net income adjusted primarily to add back Forterra's pro-rata portion of CP&P's depreciation and amortization and interest expense.

Reconciliation of segment EBITDA to segment Adjusted EBITDA
(in thousands)

Three months ended June 30, 2020 Drainage Pipe & Products   Water Pipe & Products   Corporate and Other   Total
EBITDA1 $ 57,414     $ 39,717     $ (20,453 )   $ 76,678  
(Gain) loss on sale of property, plant & equipment, net (338 )   1,655         1,317  
Gain on extinguishment of debt         (116 )   (116 )
Impairment and exit charges2     1,356         1,356  
Transaction costs3         3,036     3,036  
Inventory step-up impacting margin4              
Non-cash compensation5 321     397     1,889     2,607  
Other6 401     (401 )        
Earnings from equity method investee7 (3,126 )           (3,126 )
Pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee 8 4,102             4,102  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 58,774     $ 42,724     $ (15,644 )   $ 85,854  
Adjusted EBITDA margin 24.9 %   22.4 %   NM   20.1 %
               
Net sales $ 235,596     $ 190,590     $     $ 426,186  
Gross profit 61,393     44,185     1     105,579  


Three months ended June 30, 2019 Drainage Pipe & Products   Water Pipe & Products   Corporate and Other   Total
EBITDA1 $ 48,997     $ 24,973     $ (19,962 )   $ 54,008  
Loss on sale of property, plant & equipment, net 915     171         1,086  
Impairment and exit charges2 79     503         582  
Transaction costs3         854     854  
Inventory step-up impacting margin4 185             185  
Non-cash compensation5 820     196     116     1,132  
Other6 401     (401 )   3,628     3,628  
Earnings from equity method investee7 (3,402 )           (3,402 )
Pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee 8 4,396             4,396  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 52,391     $ 25,442     $ (15,364 )   $ 62,469  
Adjusted EBITDA margin 21.7 %   15.1 %   NM   15.2 %
               
Net sales $ 241,680     $ 168,539     $     $ 410,219  
Gross profit 57,717     28,147     (50 )   85,814  


Six months ended June 30, 2020 Drainage Pipe & Products   Water Pipe & Products   Corporate and Other   Total
EBITDA1 $ 83,466     $ 62,590     $ (40,120 )   $ 105,936  
(Gain) loss on sale of property, plant & equipment, net (414 )   1,736     31     1,353  
Gain on extinguishment of debt         (66 )   (66 )
Impairment and exit charges2     2,180         2,180  
Transaction costs3         4,494     4,494  
Inventory step-up impacting margin4              
Non-cash compensation5 1,022     582     3,867     5,471  
Other6 802     (802 )        
Earnings from equity method investee7 (5,925 )           (5,925 )
Pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee 8 7,874             7,874  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 86,825     $ 66,286     $ (31,794 )   $ 121,317  
Adjusted EBITDA margin 21.4 %   18.9 %   NM   16.0 %
               
Net sales $ 405,830     $ 351,232     $     $ 757,062  
Gross profit 93,948     70,345     28     164,321  


Six months ended June 30, 2019 Drainage Pipe & Products   Water Pipe & Products   Corporate and Other   Total
EBITDA1 $ 74,063     $ 33,714     $ (37,048 )   $ 70,729  
Loss on sale of property, plant & equipment, net 775     258         1,033  
Impairment and exit charges2 102     711         813  
Transaction costs3         1,274     1,274  
Inventory step-up impacting margin4 278             278  
Non-cash compensation5 892     245     1,524     2,661  
Other6 802     (802 )   3,628     3,628  
Earnings from equity method investee7 (4,969 )           (4,969 )
Pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee 8 6,932             6,932  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 78,875     $ 34,126     $ (30,622 )   $ 82,379  
Adjusted EBITDA margin 19.5 %   11.5 %   NM   11.7 %
               
Net sales $ 405,414     $ 296,663     $     $ 702,077  
Gross profit 89,150     38,882     (413 )   127,619  

NM    Not meaningful
For purposes of evaluating segment profit, the Company's chief operating decision maker reviews EBITDA as a basis for making the decisions to allocate resources and assess performance.
Impairment or abandonment of long-lived assets and other exit charges.
Legal, valuation, accounting, advisory and other costs related to business combinations and other transactions.
Effect of the purchase accounting step-up in the value of inventory to fair value recognized in cost of goods sold as a result of business combinations.
Non-cash equity compensation expense.
Inter-segment charges that are eliminated upon consolidation and one-time charges such as executive severance costs.
Net income from Forterra's 50% ownership in the CP&P joint venture accounted for under the equity method of accounting.
Adjusted EBITDA from Forterra's 50% ownership in the CP&P joint venture. Calculated as CP&P net income adjusted primarily to add back Forterra's pro-rata portion of CP&P's depreciation and amortization and interest expense.


Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA for trailing 12 months
(in thousands)

  Twelve months ended
  June 30, 2019   September 30, 2019   December 31, 2019   March 31, 2020   June 30, 2020
Net (loss) income $ (33,534 )   $ (16,607 )   $ (7,331 )   $ 3,642     $ 27,802  
Interest expense 97,732     99,064     94,970     91,050     84,969  
Depreciation & amortization 100,757     99,007     97,258     95,367     93,385  
Income tax (benefit) expense (6,889 )   (3,786 )   (3,279 )   4,097     10,671  
EBITDA1 158,066     177,678     181,618     194,156     216,827  
(Gain) loss on sale of property, plant & equipment, net (663 )   (268 )   2,045     2,134     2,366  
Gain on extinguishment of debt     (374 )   (1,708 )   (1,658 )   (1,774 )
Impairment & exit charges2 3,428     1,767     3,520     4,113     4,887  
Transaction costs3 2,248     2,306     2,963     3,999     6,182  
Inventory step-up impacting margin4 278     278     278     185      
Non-cash compensation5 5,762     6,485     7,919     9,254     10,729  
Other6 3,628     3,328     3,328     3,328     (300 )
Earnings from equity method investee7 (9,611 )   (11,376 )   (10,466 )   (11,697 )   (11,422 )
Pro-rate share of Adjusted EBITDA from equity method investee8 13,707     15,451     14,433     15,668     15,375  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 176,843     $ 195,275     $ 203,930     $ 219,482     $ 242,870  

For purposes of evaluating segment profit, the Company's chief operating decision maker reviews EBITDA as a basis for making the decisions to allocate resources and assess performance.
Impairment or abandonment of long-lived assets and other exit charges.
Legal, valuation, accounting, advisory and other costs related to business combinations and other transactions.
Effect of the purchase accounting step-up in the value of inventory to fair value recognized in cost of goods sold as a result of business combinations.
Non-cash equity compensation expense.
Other includes one-time charges such as executive severance costs and gains on insurance proceeds related to the destruction property.
Net income from Forterra's 50% ownership in the CP&P joint venture accounted for under the equity method of accounting.
Adjusted EBITDA from Forterra's 50% ownership in the CP&P joint venture. Calculated as CP&P net income adjusted primarily to add back Forterra's pro-rata portion of CP&P's depreciation and amortization and interest expense.

Reconciliation of GAAP Cash Flows from Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow 1
(in thousands)

    Six months ended
    June 30,
    2020   2019
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities - GAAP   $ 40,239     $ (27,322 )
Add/(Deduct):        
Purchase of property, plant and equipment, and intangible assets   (9,054 )   (34,051 )
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets   10,590     9,509  
Free cash flow (usage) - Non-GAAP   $ 41,775     $ (51,864 )

1                The Company defines free cash flow as net cash flow from operations accounted for under GAAP, less capital expenditures and cash paid for intangible assets, plus proceeds from sale of fixed assets. Free cash flow is not a GAAP measurement and may not be comparable to free cash flow reported by other companies.

Reconciliation of Long-Term Debt to Total Debt and Net Debt
(in thousands)

  June 30,   December 31,   June 30,
  2020   2019   2019
Long-term debt $ 1,067,682     $ 1,085,793     $ 1,210,546  
Current portion of long-term debt 12,500     12,500     12,500  
Carrying value of long-term debt 1,080,182     1,098,293     1,223,046  
Add: Debt issuance cost and original issuance discount 21,419     25,055     30,646  
Gross value of long-term debt 1,101,601     1,123,348     1,253,692  
Add: Short-term finance lease liabilities 16,545     16,542     16,648  
Long-term finance lease liabilities 138,449     137,365     136,096  
Total debt 1,256,595     1,277,255     1,406,436  
Less: Cash and cash equivalents (52,506 )   (34,800 )   (16,791 )
Net debt $ 1,204,089     $ 1,242,455     $ 1,389,645  

Source: Forterra, Inc.

Company Contact Information:

Charlie Brown
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

469-299-9113
IR@forterrabp.com 


Forterra Logo.PNG

Source: Forterra, Inc.